Steep Time and Temperature Effects on Flavor and Flavonoid Extractions of Black Tea

Cup of tea with honey.

The steeping time of tea can have a profound effect on flavor. Most tea products have a recommended steeping time and temperature. The steeping temperature of the water can vary from “bring water to a rolling boil” to a “very light steam”. While the steeping time can fluctuate from two to five minutes. If a tea is steeped for too long or at too high of a temperature, it can become bitter. However, longer steeping times enhance the health benefits of tea by increasing the amount of flavonoids extracted from the tea. This application will look at the effects of time and temperature on the extraction of tea flavors and flavonoids.

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